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Bali Bird Park

Bali Bird Park

Witness the largest and finest collection of Indonesian birds in the world plus fantastic birds from Africa & South America. Encompassing two hectares of botanical landscape, the park provides sanctuary to almost 1,000 birds of 250 different species.The park accommodates an amazing display of flora with more than 2,000 tropical plants including 50 varieties of palms alone and attracting numerous butterflies.

Prices inclusive tax:
Adult – Rp 243 000
Child – Rp 122 000

For more information:

Bali Bird Park

Bali Safari and Marine Park

Bali Safari and Marine Park

This Park is home to hundreds of amazing animals representing more than 60 species, including some rare and endangered species. Combining Balinese cultural ambiance with African Savannah, the Bali Safari and Marine Park features Sumatran elephants Sumatran tigers, white tigers, leopards, Komodo dragons and orangutans amongst many fascinating creatures. Part of its educational initiatives are many animal shows which delightfully inform. Set on 40 hectares of land with breathtaking natural surroundings at the cultural center of Bali, Gianyar, the Bali Safari and Marine Park is extremely active in assisting with the protection and conservation of endangered species that are constantly losing their habitat to natural and man-made encroachments and problems.


For more information:

Bali Safari and Marine Park

Bali’s Rice Terraces

For  the Balinese, rice is more than just their staple food; it is an integral part of their culture. The rituals of the cycle of planting, maintaining, irrigating and harvesting rice enrich the cultural life of Bali beyond a what any single staple can ever hope to do.

Tegalalang, Ubud
These rice terraces just north of Ubud are set on a cliff bank with a small river valley underneath it.  The road leading to the most panoramic outlooks is lined with shops selling all types of crafts, so it may take a while to get there.  However, it is the closest spot to Ubud to absorb the miraculous feat of agricultural engineering that makes Bali one of the most beautiful islands in the world.

Jatiluwih, Tabanan
Jatiluwih is a lovely spot to linger and enjoy the serenity of shimmering rice terraces and farming families working the land as their families have down for centuries.  On a sunny day, Mount Batukaru dominates the backdrop.  The most stunning days are when the rice starts to turn a vibrant shade of green just before harvest,

Tirta Gangga, East Bali
The many streams around Tirta Ganggafeeds the complicated irrigation systems that form the amazing rice terrace landscape found in this area. With Mount Lempuyan looming in the background, the view is quite breathtaking.

Bali’s Rice Terraces

Balinese Dances

The very essence of Balinese culture is dance and drama, which is performed during temple festivals and ceremonies. Every movement of fingers, hands, head, body and feet is important and tells the story of the Balinese vision of life. Balinese dance cannot be separated from religion. Even the dances for the tourists are preceded by many dancers praying at their family shrine for taksu (inspiration) from the gods.Tickets are widely available on the streets of Ubud especially at Monkey Forest Road and around the Central Market. The most popular dances are the Kecak, Barong and Legong.

No other dance is so unnerving as the amazing Kecak, also known as the ‘’monkey dance’’. This dance is to protect the village of dark powers and is often performed when things go bad and to prevent more misfortune. A serpentine stream of bodies coils itself, circle within a circle, around a large, branching torch. Two hemispheres of men: one, a pattern of silhouettes; the other, sculptural faces of brown skin caught in a net of torchlight.

Kecak, a name indicating the “chak-a-chak” sounds, evolved from the male chorus of the ritual Sanghyang trance ceremony. By ingeniously simple choreography, the chorus is transfigured into ecstasy. Kecak include a drama, in which the circle of light around the torch becomes a stage, and it’s a periphery of men, a living theatre with dramatic effects. Accompanied by the bizarre music of human instruments, the storyteller relates the episode enacted within the performance, usually one drawn from the Ramayana. At the end of the Ramayana story one man is in a trance. He performs the trance dance and rides on a wooden horse kicking burning coconut shells around.At the end of the dance a priest helps him to come out of the trance and the performance ends.

If black magic prevails, a village fails into danger, and extensive purification ceremonies become necessary to restore a proper equilibrium for the health of the community. Dramatic art is also a way of cleansing the village by strengthening its resistance to harmful forces through offerings, prayers and acts of exorcism. Such is the symbolic play of the two remarkable presences-the Barong and Rangda. Barong, a mystical creature with a long swayback and curved tail, represents the affirmative, the protector of mankind, the glory of the high sun, and the favorable spirits associated with the right and white magic.

This Bali dance of Legong (balih-balihan dance) is without any doubt the most gracious of all the dances. The dance is accompanied by the beautiful sounds of the gamelan.The Legong dancers are often young girls around 8 to 10 years old and selected from the village for their beauty and suppleness. They are wearing identical costumes with tightly bound gold brocades and their faces are made up with detail to the eyebrows and their hair decorated with beautiful frangipani flowers. Their movements are choreographed in detail with the twisting of the fingers, hands, feet and facial expression.

The Legong Kraton tells the story of a king, who kidnaps a maiden called Rangkesari. Her brother begs the king to let her free rather than to go to war. The king ignores his begging and is on his way to the battleground when he meets a bird that brings ill omens. He ignores the bird and continues to meet Rangkesari’s brother on the battleground, who kills him.

Balinese Dances

Balinese Spices

Balinese Spices

Batik Making

Batik Making

It would be impossible to visit Indonesia and not be exposed to one of the country’s most highly developed art forms, batik, a traditional form of painting on fabric. Craftspeople painstakingly use dots and lines from wax to decorate the cloth – a delicate process which is quite impressive to watch.

The most famous center for Balinese Batik hand weaving is Tohpati Village. This village is widely known for handmade Balinese batik in myriad colors and shapes. Here visitors can observe first-hand the Batik making and hand weaving process.

Traditional Balinese Batik is recognized by strong Javanese motifs, but modern designs apply more images of Balinese culture, ceremonies, culturally rich sites and mythological Hindu figures.

Widya’s Batik Workshops

Yogyakarta – born Widya offers batik instruction just north of Ubud for individuals or in a group workshop format with all materials provided. He can pick you and your imagination up at your Ubud accommodation.

Widya offers daily classes from 10am to 5pm for Rp 350,000 per student with a one day reservation. One class enables you to make a small batik painting. To produce larger pieces, you can choose a 3 day class. For further details e-mail

Widya practices various kinds of Batik, such as:

Batik Tulis: Batik waxed by a hand process known as ‘’batik tulis’’,  the original way of creating batik.

Chanting: The tool used to apply wax in fine lines is called a ‘’chanting’’. A chanting tool consists of two parts, the handle which is made from bamboo and the front spout which is made of copper.

Stamping: A method later developed in Java, stamping is another way to apply wax by hand or combined with ‘’batik tulis’.  Mass produced batiks are often made with the help of machine stampers.

Dye and Color: Unlike in many batik studios which use chemically-based dyes, all of the dyes used in Widya’s batik studio are organic, specially made from plants, flowers, vegetables and minerals.  Some of Widya’s color is ‘’light-activated’’, stabilizing and changing to it’s true color in the sun. Other colors change to their true color in the finishing process.

Boiling: When the dyes are set, the batik is boiled to remove the wax. After the boil the piece is washed in clean water, it then dried to reveal the beauty and originality of the batik.

Nirvana Batik Workshops

I Nyoman Suradnya with his son Tuadi and apprentices pass on their knowledge and enthusiasm to students attending their batik courses at their studio in Ubud’s center.   Nirvana offers classes from 10am to 2pm Monday to Saturday.

One/two day course; Rp 485 000 per person, per day, including

  • Brief introduction to the ‘’story’’ of batik
  • The materials and tools used
  • The techniques for painting with canting and brush
  • Hand color & dip dying in ¾ color
  • Dying sequence
  • Wax removal
  • Finishing touch for final product

Three/four day course; Rp 470 000 per person, per day, including the above plus;

  • Expanded knowledge of types of wax and effects that can be created (eg. wax & cracking)
  • More variation of color through hand painting and dip dying
  • Wider use of tools (large, small spout cantings)
  • Working on 2 pieces of work to utilize a variety of techniques

 Five day course; Rp 450 000 per person, per day

Includes both of the above, but allows the student to experience more independently using the knowledge gained in the first three days to be more creative – yet still under the teacher’s  guidance.

Batik Making

Cooking Classes

Cooking Class

Ubud is known as the art center of Bali, and that includes the art of cooking.  This previously sleepy, but not bustling town offers a wide range of cooking courses, from village family-style up to high-end fusion cuisine and from half-day to full week programs.

Discover the unique cooking methods in the fascinating kitchen of Casa Luna with Janet DeNeefe and her team. Janet has been teaching Balinese cooking since 1987 and her cooking school has been published in the Australian newspaper as one of the best cooking schools in the world. Classes provide a fascinating insight into Balinese life, beliefs and culture through learning about its food, cooking and culinary myths. Participants learn about the exotic herbs and spices used in ceremonial and everyday Balinese dishes and are encouraged to actively help prepare the lavish Balinese feast that will then be enjoyed with a glass or two of the local rice wine or homemade hibiscus tea.

Or take the opportunity to learn the secret of creating a variety of delicious Balinese dishes in the kitchen of Bumbu Bali Restaurant. Jero Kartika and her team at Bumbu Bali Restaurant lead half-day cooking programs beginning with a visit to the Ubud traditional market just down the street. Guests participate in preparing a variety of dishes in a beautiful serene setting.  They have a vegetarian course menu as well as non-vegetarian.

Cooking Classes

Cremation – Periodically

The Ngaben is the last and most important ceremony of every Balinese life. It’s the Balinese word for the cremation of the dead, in which the soul is released entirely from the body to ascend to heaven and to be reincarnated.

The cremation is a big happening in Bali, especially in the Ubud area.

But before a cremation can actually take place, there are many complicated ceremonies and preparations before and after the cremation.

 ngaben cremation bali

 The three major events which take place before the soul of the deceased is fully released are:

Before the influence of the Majapahit, which spread the Hindu religion throughout Bali, the Balinese guided the soul of the deceased in a more simple way.  The deceased was taken into the forest where the high humidity and the animals would break the body down quickly. Through this way the soul would be released from the body.  Today this burial method only takes place in the Bali Aga villages, such as Tenganan and Trunyan who have never been influenced by the Majapahit before.


The Funeral

In Bali a funeral takes place shortly after a person dies, unlike the Hindu in India where the deceased is cremated immediately.  The deceased is buried at the Pura Dalem, the temple complex facing the sea. The Pura Dalem is also often referred to as ‘the temple of the dead’.

The length of the period between the funeral and the ngaben depends entirely on the financial position of the family, sometimes it even takes years.  Only the rich are cremated soon after they have died.


pura dalem monkey forest ubud
The pura dalem in Monkey Forest, Ubud

Priests, who always belong to the highest caste, are never buried. They are kept in their own house until the family has gathered sufficient money for the ngaben.  Before the funeral the body of the deceased is purified according to several ceremonies and then buried. The family can place daily food offerings on a small shrine that is built next to the grave.

At the head and the feet of the grave the Balinese always place small coconut-leaves. This enables the demon of the deceased to find its way back after wandering at night. If there are no leaves at the grave, then the demon will wander for ever which the Balinese believe will have a negative impact on the village and family.

The whole period before the actual ngaben is experienced as a very sad time as the Balinese believe that during this period the soul is not able the reach heaven yet.  Only when there is enough funding, all the preparations have been made and the appropriate date has been determined by the priests, will the soul of the deceased be released through the Ngaben.

The Cremation — Ngaben

Every Balinese family has the responsibility to ensure that a proper ngaben takes place if a family member dies. If this does not happen this will have severe consequences for the deceased and his/her family.  Families who can’t afford a cremation often await the ngaben of a important or royal person.

The preparations for these people are always the best one can have, as the best priest is called upon, the holiest water is used and the most appropriate date is chosen for the cremation.

With everything perfectly planned and set for the big cremation, other bodies will be cremated too so they can profit from the ideal setting in which the cremation will take place.  The families of the deceased will then know for sure that the soul will be guided to heaven under the best circumstances.


preperation ceremonies ubud bali
The ceremonies before a mass cremation in Ubud

It is not uncommon to have a mass cremation of 100 people on the same day as the ultimate royal cremation when money does not play an issue.  Unlike the funeral, the ngaben is a joyful occasion as the soul of the deceased is now ready to continue its journey to heaven followed by reincarnation.

Before the ngaben takes place, numerous preparations need to be organized. The body will be taken out of its temporary grave at the Pura Dalem and carried to its former house three days before the cremation.  During the whole process complicated rituals follow a specific order.


offerings cremetion offerings bali
The offerings are carried to the pura dalem

A day before the cremation one final ceremony is held at the Pura Dalem. This is when everybody is beautifully dressed in traditional Balinese clothing and when the colorful offerings are carried to the temple.  On the day of the ngaben the body is transported to the Pura Dalem in a funeral tower. The tower is made out of wood and bamboo.

The village carpenter and carvers create an amazing structure full with bright decorations.  The funeral tower can be a couple to 10 meters high. In the past it was common to see really high towers, however today this is hardly possible since there are to many telephone and electricity cables hanging over the streets…


tower ngaben bali
The body of the deceased is transported in this tower

The tower consists of three levels, of which the platform is the highest. Here the body is placed while the priests stands next to it and escorts it to the Pura Dalem. The base of the tower is built on bamboo poles which is then placed on the shoulders of a group of men who will carry the tower to the temple.

In order to ensure that the soul of the deceased doesn’t find his/her way back home the men confuse it by twisting, twirling and making full circles with the tower.  All the men in the village are delighted to take part in this un-organized spectacle. As an spectator you are just surprised that the tower is still standing in the end…

In front of the procession another group of men are carrying the sarcophagus, often in the form of a black bull. It is a impressive structure and the decorations are often very grand as a lot of gold is used in the decorations.


ngaben bull bali
The bull in which the body will be placed just before the cremation

The sarcophagus always arrives first at the temple, and waits here for the funeral tower to arrive. There is a opening on the back of the bull in which the body will be placed.

The final rituals are conducted by the priest who sprinkles holy water on the bull and offerings are placed.  Then the sarcophagus is set on fire in order to purify the deceased.


bull set on fire
Once everything is burnt to ashes, is the soul able to leave this world

In the past the widow would be cremated together with her deceased husband as it was her duty to assist him in finding the right way. But fortunately, when the Dutch ruled over Bali they forbade these practices…

The initial purification of the deceased is a fact only when the whole sarcophagus is turned into ashes.  The white ashes of the bones are separated from the others and then places with flowers into yellow and white cloth.  Only then is the soul of the deceased ready for the final ceremony, in which the soul of deceased is awaken by the priest one final time.

The Final Purification

The final ceremony after the ngaben is usually 12 days after the cremation. But because it is another expensive happening, it can take longer before this ceremony actually takes place.  During this ceremony the remaining ashes that was placed in white and yellow cloth is transported on a beautiful construction to the sea.  If the sea is too far, then the ashes will be taken to a river which will eventually carry it to sea.

final ceremony bali
The ashes will be placed at sea so the soul is fully released

During the ngaben the soul of the deceased has been purified by fire and resides in heaven where life is just as in Bali but without diseases and problems.  However, during the last ceremony in which the ashes are placed in the water the soul is released to a higher level. From here the soul can follow the final stage of reincarnation.

The Balinese people believe that the soul will return back as a reincarnation of a new family member, such as the first baby born after this final ritual.

Cremation – Periodically

Elephant Safari Park

Elephant Safari Park

Meeting international standards for animal care, this fabulous park is set in more than 2 hectares of exotic, eco-tourism landscaped botanical gardens surrounded by national forest. Acclaimed as the World’s Best Elephant Park, facilities include a full Reception area and Information Centre, comprehensive Museum with a large collection of elephant memorabilia, and the only Mammoth Skeleton in South East Asia. 

Get up close and personal with these incredible animals. Watch them immersing themselves in the park’s lake in-between elephant rides, shows and other pleasurable pursuits.  Hand feed them, touch them, take photos with them, and learn more about their ancestry and diversity at the Park’s historical and graphic displays.

Elephant Safari Park

Evening Performances

Evening Performances


Ubud Area Markets

Ubud Market
Located on Jl. Raya Ubud, the Ubud Market has kept much of its traditional charm, with squatting Balinese sellers haggling loudly among spices and vegetables. The market also sells handicrafts which are primarily made in the neighbouring villages of Mas and Tegalalang. Early morning is a great time to visit as this is when the locals do much of their shopping.

Sukawati Art Market
Sukawati Art Market is located on Jl. Raya Sukawati, Gianyar, across the Sukawati Traditional Market. Set in a new two-store building, the art market sells a wide variety of merchandise, ranging from statues to dance costumes, all at reasonable prices. A large variety of woven baskets can be found here, along with Balinese ceremonial items made from colorful prada (gold painted cloth).

Batubulan Market
Batubulan Market, situated at the border of Denpasar and Gianyar, is the home of stone sculptures. You will find various kinds of styles here, from traditional to modern and small to large. Traditionally, stone sculptures carved from soft volcanic rock (paras) were used to decorate temples and palaces but recently they are sold for export as well. The craftsmen can make practically anything you request from small to large sculptures.

Beyond Ubud Markets

Galiran Market, Klungkung, East Bali
Galiran Market, Klungkung is known as the central market of Eastern Bali because of its agricultural commodities from Karangasem, Bangli and Gianyar. The most crowded market day falls every three days on pasha (a three-day week based on the Balinese calendar).

In 1994, the market area was extended to 3 hectares which consists of 14 building blocks each selling different goods. In addition to food, drinks and products for East Bali residents, it also is a great place for visitors to browse for handicrafts, artwork, traditional fabrics and much more at reasonable prices if you are willing to haggle.

Candi Kuning Market, Bedugal
This market is a favorite stop on day trips to the north of Ubud. With its cooler climate it features super fresh fruits, vegetables, spices, and exotic flowers as delicate orchids and roses to create an intoxicating array of wonderful colors. Spices include nutmeg, pepper, paprika and turmeric. Seasonal fruit includes jeruk Bali (pomelo), durian, strawberries and rambutan.

Kuta Art Market
Situated close to Kuta Beach on Jl. Bakung Sair, the Kuta Art Market has a large number of shops selling a wide variety of merchandise including sarongs, clothes, shoes, jewelry, handicrafts, leather goods and furniture. You can find some good pieces and reasonable prices if you shop carefully and exert strong bargaining techniques.

Sanur Art Market
Located on Jl. Danau Tamblingan, the Sanur Art Market has a  relaxed atmosphere and is less crowded than Kuta. This art market has an interesting variety of shops selling a wide range of merchandises such as sarongs, woodcarvings and other handicrafts. It is also surrounded by lots of local style restaurants.

Kumbasari Market, Denpasar
Kumbasari Market is located on Jl. Gajah Mada near the Badung River. This traditional, non-air-conditioned market offers an interesting overview of an Indonesian market. In the basement, you will find the traditional market with loads of traditional kitchen crafts made from woven bamboo. The second floor provides spices and dried goods, as well as a wide variety of Balinese printed batik, Balinese and Javanese hand-woven textiles and various batik textiles at reasonable prices. Household wares and clothing can be found on the third floor.

Badung Market, Denpasar
This 24 hour traditional market is located on Jl. Gaja Mada across from the Kumbasari Market, yet separated by the Badung River. This largest and oldest market in Bali, it provides such local needs as meats, fish, vegetables, tropical and subtropical fruits, groceries, spices, clothes, textiles, and much more. Apart from consumables, one can also find betel leaves which are used in Balinese Hindu prayers, as well as fabrics and household supplies. Although it is rather unclean, this tent market attracts many local shoppers and wholesalers for its completeness and competitive prices. The peak hour is the afternoon when the big transaction occurs.

Pasar Burung (Bird Market), Denpasar
Pasar Burung (Bird Market) is located on Jl. Pramuka.  This colorful and noisy market provides a wide range of birds and other such small animals such as monkeys, squirrels, small wild cats and other unidentifiable animals from the heart of the dark jungles of Indonesia.

Sanglah Market, Denpasar
Sanglah market is located in south Denpasar area, about 2,5km from the city center. Like other traditional markets in Denpasar, this market offers commodities for daily needs. Although it is open the whole day, the busy activities are only in the morning around 6 am.

Satria Market, Denpasar
Satria market is located at the north side of Gajah Mada Street, in the corner of Nukala Street and Veteran Street. This market sells art crafts such as wooden handicrafts, paintings, and other handicrafts on the second level, and daily commodities on the ground level.


Mask Making

Even today masks are still worn during temple dances in which the Balinese teach each other epic stories of their Hindu religion, and celebrate various stages of life, the rice planting and harvesting season and the victory of good over evil. A mask carver is called the ‘undagitapel’ and those who make the mask for temples have to be a member of the Brahman caste since he knows the required rituals involved with making a sacred mask.  The Balinese believe that everything has a soul: the rain, the winds, a rock and even a mask.

The village of Mas just south of Ubud is most famous for its amazing masks and woodcarvings. When you walk around Mas you’ll observe many craftsmen working on a mask or a wooden statue where they use over 30 different tools to carve out the wood. There are four types of Bali masks found in most of these shops – human, animal, gods and demons

Tilem Gallery, Tantra Gallery, Ida Bagus Anom (for masks), and Ida Bagus Sutarja (for masks) are some of the most renowned places where masterworks are still sold amid decorative pieces which are produced in quantity for the travel memento and mass export market.

The Houses of Masks and Puppets (Rumah Topeng and Wayang) displays various kinds of masks and puppets from different regions in Indonesia and around the world that have been collected, stored, and displayed for the public since 2006.The collection includes more than 1,200 masks and 4,700 puppets. Located just a few miles from the heart of Ubud, the House of Masks and Puppets covers more than 1 hectare of land surrounded by traditional Balinese village and rice fields. The land provides a wide range of facilities, including a tropical garden, exhibition rooms, performance buildings, and a Balinese house.

Mask Making


Sobek’s well trained guides and welcoming operational staff, make your trip the most memorable and enjoyable trip possible.  Sobek is world renowned for its brand new industry leading, safety approved equipment.

Sobek Ayng River Rafting

As you carve through some of Bali’s most appealing landscape, the Ayung River provides a thrill that begins the moment you push of from the riverbanks. As you switch between Class I and II rapids, you will wind through deep valleys with cascading waterfalls and towering cliffs of prehistoric significance.

On the more leisurely stretches through tropical forests you will see Hindu shrines that are brightly decorated on ceremonial days of prayer. Just as you think it is all coming to an end, the unpredictable Ayung River propels your raft into yet another rapid.

Sobek’s two hour, visually spectacular rafting trip down the Ayung River is made even more enjoyable and comfortable by the brand new industry leading, safety approved equipment.

Sobek Telaga Waya River Experience

The thrilling Telaga Waja adventure begins in the foothills of the sacred Mount Agung, after an in-depth safety and equipment briefing by Sobek’s experienced guides. From the time you drop into the first set of rapids, your heart will be racing and your adrenalin pumping.

In a continual spray of white clear water, you will rush past steep banks and ancient hanging trees, whilst rafting straight through cascading waterfalls of cold natural spring water. The Sobek guides will give you instruction and work with you to safely navigate the raft through torrents, twists, tight turns and inclined rapids.

Over head obstacles, narrow gorges and breathtaking views of terraced rice plains all along the way will give you an appetite for your final challenge! The Water Dam! Hold on, Take a deep breath, and down you go!


Scuba DIving and Snorkeling

Scuba Diving and Snorkeling

Bali’s seas are surprisingly unheralded given its incredibly rich and varied dive and snorkeling sites. Deep drop-offs and steep banks, coral ridges and colorful fishes, volcanic outcrops and sea grass beds are all part of the underwater tapestry. With its diverse marine life and one of the world’s most famous wrecks, there’s enough here to keep you coming back for more. The best and most popular dive and snorkeling sites on Bali are Tulamben, Amed, Candidasa, Menjangan Island, Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan. There are many Dive organisations that offer 3 day courses to obtain an international dive certificate or you can opt for an introduction dive.

Scuba DIving and Snorkeling

Silver Jewelry Making Classes

Studio Perak is a socially-responsible Ubud business where Bapak Ketut plies his trade of making beautiful, organically inspired jewelry with silver and semi-precious stones.

His one of a kind creations are sold from his two store locations in central Ubud.  Ketut’s designs are inspired by nature and simplicity, and the natural shape and properties of semi-precious stones. Traditional techniques of Balinese silver smiting are incorporated into fresh, contemporary designs.

In the 3 hour course you will be able to complete a ring or pendant of your own design, or borrow the base of one of their designs to make your piece. Studio Perak offers classes from Monday to Saturday from 9am to 12noon and / or 2pm to 5pm  The price of  Rp 35o,000 includes 5 grams of silver.  If you would like to use more silver or use stones, these can purchased at an extra cost.

Call 62 361 974244 or e-mail:


Silver Jewelry Making Classes

The Art of Offerings

The Art of Offerings

One of the most striking things about Bali is the daily profusion of offerings. They are vitally important as they give pleasure to Bali’s Hindu gods and demons and provide positive karma to those involved in their preparation.  They accompany all ceremonies and prayers. Some Balinese, mostly women, even spend all their lives making these unique gifts to the gods.  They vary considerable in complexity. Some are very simple and tiny while others can be several meters high. One thing that they have in common is that they are made from natural things.

Nearly every village has its own unique forms of offerings as they are considered a means of giving something back. Of course, gifts obligate the recipient and so the system creates mutual obligations and favors, even between humans and spirits. With offerings to the demons, however, the person presenting the offer does not expect a gift in return, just the favor that the demons will go away.

To learn first – hand  how to make a Balinese offering, schedule a class at Pondok Pekak located on the east side of the Ubud Football Field.  The price is Rp 100,000 for 1.5 hours.  Pondok Pekak is a non-profit community organization which holds a library for adults and children, as well as hosts a wide range of traditional Balinese music and dance groups. or

The Art of Offerings
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